Wir werfen einen Blick auf die FormelStrecken, die in den vergangenen 20 Der FormelKalender hat sich in den vergangenen 20 Jahren stark verändert. Alle Streckeninformationen zu jedem FormelKurs im Rennkalender der Königsklasse des Motorsports. Die Liste der FormelRennstrecken führt alle Rennstrecken der Formel Weltmeisterschaft 52 FormelStrecken sind im Uhrzeigersinn angelegt, 17 Kurse gegen den Uhrzeigersinn. Der Indianapolis Motor Speedway wurde bis
F1 Strecken VideoF1 2017 Streckenguide Baku, Aserbaidschan GP
Meanwhile, more run-off areas were added at corners like Aremberg and Brünnchen, where originally there were just embankments protected by Armco barriers.
The track surface was made safer in some spots where there had been nasty bumps and jumps. Racing line markers were added to the corners all around the track as well.
Also, bushes and hedges at the edges of corners were taken out and replaced with Armco and grass. It is now mostly gone in part due to the construction of the new circuit or converted to a normal public road, but since a vintage car event has been hosted on the old track layout, including part of the parking area.
The new track was completed in and named GP-Strecke German: It was built to meet the highest safety standards. However, it was considered in character a mere shadow of its older sibling.
Some fans, who had to sit much farther away from the track, called it Eifelring , Ersatzring , Grünering or similar nicknames, believing it did not deserve to be called Nürburgring.
Like many circuits of the time, it offered few overtaking opportunities. To celebrate its opening, an exhibition race was held, on 12 May, featuring an array of notable drivers.
Driving identical Mercedes E 2. Senna won ahead of Lauda, Reutemann, Rosberg, Watson, Hulme and Jody Scheckter, being the only one to resist Lauda's performance who — having missed the qualifying — had to start from the last row and overtook all the others except Senna.
Besides other major international events, the Nürburgring has seen the brief return of Formula One racing, as the European Grand Prix was held at the track, followed by the German Grand Prix.
As F1 did not stay, other events were the highlights at the new Nürburgring, including the km Nürburgring , DTM , motorcycles, and newer types of events, like truck racing , vintage car racing at the AvD "Oldtimer Grand Prix", and even the " Rock am Ring " concerts.
Following the success and first world championship of Michael Schumacher , a second German F1 race was held at the Nürburgring between and , called the European Grand Prix , or in and , the Luxembourg Grand Prix.
Also, a slow Omega -shaped section was inserted, on the site of the former kart track. Both the Nürburgring and the Hockenheimring events have been losing money due to high and rising Formula One license fees charged by Bernie Ecclestone and low attendance due to high ticket prices [ citation needed ] ; starting with the Formula One season , Hockenheim and Nürburgring will alternate for hosting of the German GP.
In Formula One, Ralf Schumacher collided with his teammate Giancarlo Fisichella and his brother at the start of the race which was won by Jacques Villeneuve.
In , in changing conditions, Johnny Herbert managed to score the only win for the team of former Ringmeister Jackie Stewart. One of the highlights of the season was Kimi Räikkönen 's spectacular exit while in the last lap of the race , when his suspension gave way after being rattled lap after lap by a flat-spotted tire that was not changed due to the short-lived 'one set of tires' rule.
Due to name-licensing problems, it was held as the European Grand Prix that year. In , the new owners of the Nürburgring were unable to secure a deal to continue hosting the German Grand Prix in the odd numbered years, so the and German Grands Prix were cancelled.
While it is unusual for deaths to occur during sanctioned races, there are many accidents and several deaths each year during public sessions. It is common for the track to be closed several times a day for cleanup, repair, and medical intervention.
While track management does not publish any official figures, several regular visitors to the track have used police reports to estimate the number of fatalities at somewhere between 3 and 12 in a full year.
Several touring car series still compete on the Nordschleife , using either only the simple Entry-level competition requires a regularity test GLP for street-legal cars.
Automotive media outlets and manufacturers use the Nordschleife as a standard to publish their lap times achieved with their production vehicles.
About 45, spectators showed up for the main event, the third four-hour VLN race of the season, and the subsequent show by Heidfeld.
Conceived largely as a photo opportunity, the lap times were not as fast as the car was capable of, BMW instead choosing to run the chassis at a particularly high ride height to allow for the Nordschleife' s abrupt gradient changes and to limit maximum speeds accordingly.
As part of the festivities before the 24 Hours Nürburgring race, Michael Schumacher and other Mercedes-Benz drivers took part in a promotional event which saw Schumacher complete a demonstration lap of the Nordschleife at the wheel of a Mercedes W Since its opening in , the track has been used by the public for the so-called Touristenfahrten , i.
It is opened every day of the week, except when races take place. The track may be closed for weeks during the winter months, depending on weather conditions and maintenance work.
Passing on the right is prohibited, and some sections have speed limits; the normal traffic rules StVO in German apply also here. The Nürburgring is a popular attraction for many driving enthusiasts and riders from all over the world, partly because of its history and the challenge it provides.
The lack of oncoming traffic and intersections sets it apart from regular roads, and the absence of a blanket speed limit is a further attraction.
Normal ticket buyers on tourist days cannot quite complete a full lap of the On busier days, a mobile ticket barrier is installed on the main straight in order to reduce the length of queues at the fixed barriers.
This is open to all ticket holders. On rare occasions, it is possible to drive both the Nordschleife and the Grand Prix circuit combined.
Drivers interested in lap times often time themselves from the first bridge after the barriers to the last gantry aka Bridge-to-Gantry or BTG time before the exit.
Normal, non-racing, non-timed driving accidents might be covered by driver's insurance, but it is increasingly common for UK insurers especially to insert exclusion clauses that mean drivers and riders on the Nürburgring only have third-party coverage  or are not covered at all.
Drivers who have crashed into the barriers, suffered mechanical failure or been otherwise required to be towed off track during Touristenfahrten sessions are referred to as having joined the "Bongard Club".
This nickname is derived from the name of the company which operates the large yellow recovery flatbed trucks which ferry those unfortunate drivers and their vehicles to the nearest exit.
Additionally, those found responsible for damage to the track or safety barriers are required to pay for repairs, along with the time and cost associated with personnel and equipment to address those damages, making any accident or breakdown a potentially expensive incident.
Because it is technically operated as a public toll road, failing to report an accident or instance where track surfaces are affected is considered unlawfully leaving the scene of an accident.
One of the original purposes of the Nordschleife was as a test track for auto manufacturers, and its demanding layout had been traditionally used as a proving ground.
Weekdays are often booked for so-called Industriefahrten for auto makers and the media. With the advent of the Internet, awareness of the Nordschleife has risen in Germany and abroad, in addition to publicity in print media.
In , Porsche reported that their new GT3 had lapped the Nürburgring in under eight minutes, and in subsequent years, manufacturers from overseas also showed up to test cars.
Some high-performance models are promoted with videotaped laps published on the web, and the claimed lap times are generating discussion.
Few of these supercars are actually entered in racing where the claims could be backed up. In addition, during series 17 summer of Top Gear, James May was very critical of the ride quality of cars whose development processes included testing on the Nordschleife , saying that cars which were tested at Nordschleife got ruined.
Other pastimes are hosted at the Nürburgring, such as the Rock am Ring , Germany's biggest rock music festival, attracting close to , rock fans each year since In , new commercial areas opened, including a hotel and shopping mall.
This meant there was to be a new owner in , unencumbered by the debts of the previous operation, with the circuit expected to return to profitability.
Düsseldorf -based Capricorn Development was the buyer. The company was to take full ownership of the Nürburgring on January 1, In May , the Nürburgring was set to hold the first Grüne Hölle Rock festival as a replacement for the Rock am Ring festival,  but the project did not take place.
The Nordschleife was formerly known for its abundance of sharp crests, causing fast-moving, firmly-sprung racing cars to jump clear off the track surface at many locations.
Although by no means the most fearsome, Flugplatz is perhaps the most aptly although coincidentally named and widely remembered.
The name of this part of the track comes from a small airfield, which in the early years was located close to the track in this area.
The track features a very short straight that climbs sharply uphill for a short time, then suddenly drops slightly downhill, and this is immediately followed by two very fast right-hand kinks.
Manfred Winkelhock flipped his March Formula Two car at the same corner in The Flugplatz is one of the most important parts of the Nürburgring because after the two very fast right handers comes what is possibly the fastest part of the track: Drivers are flat out for some time here.
The Fuchsröhre is soon after the very fast downhill section succeeding the Flugplatz. After negotiating a long right hand corner called Aremberg which is after Schwedenkreuz the road goes slightly uphill, under a bridge and then it plunges downhill, and the road switches back left and right and finding a point of reference for the racing line is difficult.
This whole sequence is flat out and then, the road climbs sharply uphill. The road then turns left and levels out at the same time; this is one of the many jumps of the Nürburgring where the car goes airborne.
This leads to the Adenauer Forst forest turns. The Fuchsröhre is one of the fastest and most dangerous parts of the Nürburgring because of the extremely high speeds in such a tight and confined place; this part of the Nürburgring goes right through a forest and there is only about 7—8 feet of grass separating the track from Armco barrier, and beyond the barriers is a wall of trees.
Perhaps the most notorious corner on the long circuit, Bergwerk has been responsible for some serious and sometimes fatal accidents. The fast kink was also the scene of Niki Lauda 's infamous fiery accident during the German Grand Prix.
This left kink is often referred to as the Lauda Links Lauda left. Although being one of the slower corners on the Nordschleife , the Karussell is perhaps its most famous and one of its most iconic- it is one of two berm -style, banked corners on the track.
Soon after the driver has negotiated the long uphill section after Bergwerk and gone through a section called Klostertal Monastery Valley , the driver turns right through a long hairpin, past an abandoned section called Steilstrecke Steep Route and then goes up another hill towards the Karrusell.
The entrance to the corner is blind, although Juan Manuel Fangio is reputed to have advised a young driver to "aim for the tallest tree," a feature that was also built into the rendering of the circuit in the Gran Turismo 4 and Grand Prix Legends video games.
Once the driver has reached the top of the hill, the road then becomes sharply banked on one side and level on the other- this banking drops off, rather than climbing up like most bankings on circuits.
The sharply banked side has a concrete surface, and there is a foot-wide tarmac surface on the bottom of the banking for cars to get extra grip through the very rough concrete banking.
Cars drop into the concrete banking, and keep the car in the corner which is degrees, much like a hairpin bend until the road levels out and the concrete surface becomes tarmac again.
This corner is very hard on the driver's wrists and hands because of the prolonged bumpy cornering the driver must do while in the Karrusell. Usually cars come out of the top of the end of the banking to hit the apex that comes right after the end of the Karrusell.
The combination of a recognisable corner, slow-moving cars, and the variation in viewing angle as cars rotate around the banking, means that this is one of the circuit's most popular locations for photographers.
It is named after German pre-WWII racing driver Rudolf Caracciola , who reportedly made the corner his own by hooking the inside tires into a drainage ditch to help his car "hug" the curve.
As more concrete was uncovered and more competitors copied him, the trend took hold. At a later reconstruction, the corner was remade with real concrete banking, as it remains to this day.
A favourite spectator vantage point, the Brünnchen section is composed of two right-hand corners and a very short straight. The first corner goes sharply downhill and the next, after the very short downhill straight, goes uphill slightly.
This is a section of the track where on public days, accidents happen particularly at the blind uphill right-hand corner.
Like almost every corner at the Nürburgring, both right-handers are blind. The short straight used to have a steep and sudden drop-off that caused cars to take off and a bridge that went over a pathway; these were taken out and smoothed over when the circuit was rebuilt in and The Pflanzgarten , which is soon after the Brünnchen , is one of the fastest, trickiest and most difficult sections of the Nürburgring.
It is full of jumps, including two huge ones, one of which is called Sprunghügel Hill Jump. This very complex section is unique in that it is made up of two different sections; getting the entire Pflanzgarten right is crucial to a good lap time around the Nürburgring.
Pflanzgarten 1 is made up of a slightly banked, downhill left hander which then suddenly switches back left, then right. Then immediately, giving the driver nearly no time to react knowledge of this section is key the road drops away twice: Then, immediately after the road levels out very shortly after the jump and the car touches the ground again, the road immediately and suddenly goes right very quickly and then right again; this is what makes up the end of the first Pflanzgarten - a very fast multiple apex sequence of right hand corners.
The road then goes slightly uphill and then through another jump; the road suddenly drops away and levels out and at the same time, the road turns through a flat-out left hander.
Then, the road drops away again very suddenly, which is the second huge jump of the Pflanzgarten known as the Sprunghügel. The road then goes downhill then quickly levels out, then it goes through a flat-out right hander and this starts the Stefan Bellof S named as such because Bellof crashed a Porsche there during the Nurburgring km , which was known as Pflanzgarten 2 prior to The Stefan Bellof S is very tricky because the road quickly switches back left and right—a car is going so fast through here that it is like walking on a tightrope.
It is very difficult to find the racing line here because the curves come up so quickly, so it is hard to find any point of reference.
Then, after a jump at the end of the switchback section, it goes through a flat-out, top gear right hander and into a short straight that leads into two very fast curves called the Schwalbenschwanz Swallow's Tail.
Detta kan även leda till fem platsers nedflyttning i racet. Om detta händer under flera tillfällen kan det leda till en avstängning. Bilarna tankas sedan upp inför själva tävlingen.
Fram tills hade Michel Shumacher rekordet för antal pole positions 68 men det rekordet slogs av Lewis Hamilton under s säsong.
När alla kommit runt, ställer man upp sig i samma ordning igen och inväntar startsignalen. Lamporna tänds en efter en med en sekunds fördröjning och när sedan alla lampor släcks startar loppet.
Numera följer en bil med ett specialtränat läkarlag bakom de startande bilarna under det första varvet. Denna rutin infördes vid USA: Ett formel 1-lopp är lite över km eller max 2 timmar.
Skillnaderna mellan förarnas skicklighet är oftast försumbar jämfört med de olika bilarnas prestanda.
För Monacos Grand Prix gäller torsdagen. Testningen begränsas till av FIA godkända banor, av vilka Silverstone , Catalunya och Monza är de enda formel 1-banorna.
Till och med säsongen gavs halva poäng i lopp som stoppades före halva distansen. Världsmästare blir den förare som under säsongen har samlat flest poäng sammanlagt i tävlingarna.
Stallorder blev helt förbjudna efter Ferraris order i Österrikes Grand Prix Till säsongen togs regeln bort igen.
Detta meddelande sade att Alonso var snabbare än Massa, trots att han inte var det. Regndäcken klarar att pressa undan 65 liter vatten per sekund, ända upp till toppfart.
Olika tillverkare fick ansöka och i juni valde FIA japanska Bridgestone. Bridgestone blev därför ensam leverantör av däck redan Bensinen är blyfri med drygt oktan.
När säkerhetsbilen kommer ut visas en tavla med bokstäverna SC Safety Car. Om det regnar kraftigt i starten kan starten ske bakom säkerhetsbilen, som stannar ute tills tävlingsledningen anser att det är säkert att släppa iväg fältet.
Skulle en förare överskrida maxfarten under träning eller kval utdöms böter. Visningar Visa Redigera Redigera wikitext Visa historik.